Winter George Kift M.I.C.E. F.R.A.S (1842 – 1898)
Educated at the Godolphin School in Hammersmith. He was a Telegraph Engineer of the Madras Railway, of Arakkonam, in the Presidency of Madras, British India. He was acknowledged for his invention of ‘improvements in electric telegraphs’ (1873). He lived at ‘Sandford’ No 29 Cintra Park in 1881, aged 39 ‘A Telegraph Engineer’ with his wife Florence, aged 36 (Bn in Wales), and his three children, who were all born in Madras, E Indies, sons George B (aged 11) an Ernest (aged 2) (became a Civil Engineer and moved to Derbyshire) and daughter Amy (aged 5), and servant Ann Hovins (aged 26).
The greater portion of his life was spent in India, where he served from 1864 to the time of his death, first as assistant, and later as Chief Telegraph Engineer of the Madras Railway.
Among his patented inventions two (1873 and 1878) related to duplex or quadruplex telegraphy, one (1874) was the method for enabling intercommunication to be effected in railway trains between passenger and guard, or between guard and driver, whilst one (1886) dealt with the regulation of the E.M.F. of a dynamo for lighting trains, and four (1878, 1880, 1885, and 1895) with electrical railway signalling apparatus.
George Kift Winter was a Fellow of the University of Madras, a Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers, and a Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society, and communicated many scientific and technical papers to the publications of the learned societies. His paper read on the 12 March 1873, was entitled ‘On Earth Currents, and on their Bearing upon the Measurement of the Resistance of Telegraph Wires in which they exist’; and the following, published in the form of original communications, ‘On Testing the Metal-Resistance of Telegraph Wires on Cables influenced by Earth-Currents’. ‘On the use of Electro-Magnetic Induction in Cable Signalling’; in collaboration with his son George Bliss Winter (B 1869 D1914 aged 45) and ‘On a Graphic Method of Studying the Behaviour of the Exposed Ends of Broken Telegraph Cables, and of Means of Eliminating the Effect of Earth-Currents, and of Polarisation at the Fault’.
He was elected a Member of the Institution on the 11 December 1872. He died aged 55 in 1898.