42 Anerley Hill

5 PAXTON TERRACE

(42 ANERLEY HILL/ROAD)

(NOW KNOWN AS 42 ANERLEY HILL)

View down Anerley Hill c1905 postcard showing Paxton Terrace on the right hand side Between Pleydell Avenue and The Paxton Arms

2022 [photo: J Ray-Heard]

View looking up-hill (Nos 44 to 40) towards Pleydell Avenue [photo: J Ray-Heard]

No 42 Anerley Hill (centre of photograph

No 42 Anerley Hill 2022 [photo: J Ray-Heard]

INTRO

No 42 Anerley Hill, is adjacent to the corner premises with Pleydell Avenue.  This section of Anerley Hill was originally named Paxton Terrace, with the first known shop premises adjacent to the Paxton Arms already trading by 1868 (The Paxton Arms Public House was built by 1857).  The 1871 Census doesn’t show any property numbering.  In March 1872, No 42 became the Normal College for the Blind, soon occupying four premises.  Advertisements in newspapers between 1870 and 1873, quoted Anerley Hill, later stating both Anerley Hill and Anerley Road.

In 1910, No 42 was also the offices of the Norwood & District Women’s Suffrage Society.

In 1875, the name of Anerley Hill was abolished and the hill was included as part of Anerley Road.

Officially in 1915, this section reverted back from Anerley Road to be known as Anerley Hill.

Originally, the numbers stated No 6 (now corner of Pleydell Avenue), No 5, No 4, No 3 and Nos 1&2 (next the Paxton Arms) on Paxton Terrace.  On the 1891 Census, the numbering changes to No 40 (now corner with Pleydell Avenue) to Nos 48 & 50 Anerley Road (next the Paxton Arms).

The change of name therefore led to both Anerley Road and Anerley Hill being quoted, sometimes within the same newspaper article.

An article in the Norwood News on Saturday, 24 April 1875, states: –

The attention of the Board was called to the inconvenience occasioned by ‘Anerley’ and ‘Upper Norwood’ being the postal names of different parts of the hamlet of Penge, the name ‘Penge’ not being recognised by the postal authorities.  The Board decided on the following alterations in the names of the streets in the hamlet:- the name of Anerley Hill to be abolished, the hill to be included as part of Anerley Road.

Until:

ANERLEY ROAD – ANERLEY HILL

Norwood News Friday, 1 October 1915

The committee reported: A vote of the ratepayers in the portion of Anerley Road situate between the top of the hill and Crystal Palace Station Road having been taken, and found to be almost unanimously in favour of altering the name of such part of Anerley Road to Anerley Hill, the committee recommended that such portion of Anerley Road be renamed to the occupiers of the houses on the north east side of such road between Ledrington Road and Crystal Palace Station Road, requiring them to number their houses 1 to 27 odd numbers inclusive.  No 1 to be Carlton Lodge at the corner of Ledrington Road.

MAPS

1860 map – before creation of Paxton Terrace

Map dated 1871 pre-shops, showing what was to become Paxton Terrace

1895

ARCHITECTURE

View showing No 42 Anerley Hill and the parade of shops today [photo: J Ray-Heard]

Once known as Paxton Terrace (between Paxton Arms Public House and Pleydell Avenue) [photo: J Ray-Heard]

Original corbel detail at 42 Anerley Hill [photo: J Ray-Heard]

Upper windows [photo: J Ray-Heard]

Upper windows and detail [photo: J Ray-Heard

RESIDENTS OF NO 42 ANERLEY HILL

NORWOOD NORMAL COLLEGE AND ACADEMY OF MUSIC FOR THE BLIND (opened in March 1872)

In 1872, No 42 became the Norwood Normal College for the Blind, soon occupying four houses on Paxton Terrace.  In 1877, the College later moved to larger premises on Westow Street (now occupied by a supermarket) until it was evacuated in 1939.

Belfast News Letter, Wednesday, 14 August 1872

The Normal College for the Blind, in which the Marquis of Westminster takes an active interest, has completed the fifth month of its existence.  It differs from other training schools for the blind in respect to the education given, being intended to afford to such children that display high talent, especially for music, a thorough education, which will qualify them to earn a living by being teachers, organists, and piano-tuners. 

The training in the institution, which is at Paxton Terrace, Upper Norwood, is under three distinct departments, namely, general education, the science and practice of music and piano-tuning.  The leading piano manufacturers have generously aided in the movement by lending pianos.  Messrs Broadwood & Sons, Messrs Collard & Collard, and Messrs Erard have especially been active in assisting the trustees. 

 

One good feature in this institution is, that it is no rival to blind asylums or training schools already established; but is intended to receive from institutions in all part of the kingdom, pupils who may have displayed talent and capabilities for acquiring a higher education than the institution they belong to can afford them.  To think that there are in the United Kingdom 30,000 people so afflicted, who are dependent for a living on their own exertions, ought to stimulate every one who can, to aid in so good work.

Leighton Buzzard Observer and Linsdale Gazette, Tuesday, 15 July 1873

The DUKE OF BEDFORD has subscribed £200 to the Royal Normal College and Academy of Music for the Blind, Paxton Terrace, Upper Norwood, a special appeal now being made for funds to complete the purchase of a site and for the erection of the necessary school and other buildings.  The sum of £25,000 is required towards which upwards of £6,999 have already been contributed.

Another newspaper report of July 1873, headed Academy of Music for the Blind, Norwood, reported a public meeting on behalf of the Royal Normal College and Academy of Music for the Blind, situate at Paxton Terrace, Upper Norwood which was held on the Monday afternoon at the Mansion House, the Right Hon. the Lord Mayor in the chair and several people of importance.  In the body of the room were also several ladies and around it, many of the blind.

The Lord Mayor, in opening the meeting said the large number of persons present was a satisfactory proof of the great interest felt in the welfare of the blind (“Hear, Hear!”)  He was quite aware that there were several institutions for teaching the sightless trades, but there were none for the purpose of developing the higher powers of intellect which persons so afflicted were often found to possess.

There were, he said, in these isles about 30,000 persons who were sightless and out of that number 3,000 were in the metropolis.  To support the blind, £66,000 was subscribed annually and half of that amount was obtained from London alone.

There was no rivalry between the Normal College and the other excellent institutions in which the blind were taught.  There was room for all those which existed and for many more for giving the blind the highest class of musical instruction (Cheers.)

The institution was not only to teach music, but to give the blind the highest possible intellectual training in other subjects.

Morning Post, Tuesday, 7 October 1873

The Royal Normal College and Academy of Music for the Blind has been at work for the past 18 months in four houses, each containing its little “family” of 12 lads or girls, and is situated at Paxton Terrace, Norwood, near the Low Level entrance to the Crystal Palace.  Daily the blind classes are taken in the Palace to hear the rehearsals of its splendid orchestra, receiving at the academy special instruction on the music they hear.  Pricking off dictated music on stiff paper and reading it off with one hand whilst fingering the notes with the other, leads up to a thorough understanding as well as knowledge of the piece.  The musical committee who supervise the course, consist of Sir W Sterndale Bennett, D.C.L., principal of the Royal Academy of Music, and Messrs E.J. Hopkins, H Leslie, G.A. Macfarren and A Manns; Mrs Anderson, pianist to her Majesty, Madame Schumann and other accomplished musicians taking a personal interest in the pupils. 

The best evidence of the system of education pursued is that the principal of the Royal Normal College, Mr F.J. Campbell, is himself totally blind and has fought his way in life up to that distinguished position under the very system of education which he now so ably directs, and of which he is indeed partly the inventor, whilst the managers of several existing institutions for the blind have already bespoken teachers from amongst the pupils of the college at Norwood. 

Several towns have subscribed to maintain local scholarships at the Normal College, sending the most capable of their blind youth of both sexes to Norwood.  In this way, four families of 12 each, with their separate teachers and attendants, are maintained, all the pupils meeting together in the class rooms, recreation rooms, and playgrounds – for great stress is laid on physical exercises as a means of imparting freedom of locomotion and confidence in movement, as well as for securing a healthy mind and body.  As there are about 30,000 blind persons in the United Kingdom, it is believed that 50 little “families” of 12 each, might be formed from the more intelligent and promising of the blind youth for education for the musical profession, or, in the case of those past boyhood, as pianoforte tuners.

The College’s new premises off Westow Street [1877] after moving from Paxton Terrace.

OTHER OCCUPANTS OF NO 42

On the 1881 Census, Julia Frances Turner (aged 15) (Bn 1866 Islington) was living at the same address, then known as 5 Paxton Terrace, with her father Henry Turner (48) (Bn 1839 Manchester) a Wholesale Chemist and her mother Julia (43) (Bn 1834 Liverpool D1900).  They were Lodgers, with John Brady (aged 52) (Bn 1829) (Bootmaker, Employing 1 Lad) as the Head, with his wife, Mary Ann (51), (Bn 1822 D1882) and their 18 year old son, John (Errand Lad Out of Employ).

Julia Frances Turner married Walter George Leversuch (Bn 1869 Norwood D1890), a Commercial Clerk living at 31 New Croxted Road, on 23 February 1889 when she was 23 and he, 21.  Julia’s address is Walsingham House, Upper Norwood.

In 1891, they were living at 39 Colby Road, and Walter’s occupation is a Professional Singer.  The Census states that she is a Professional Singer, too.  Walter died in 1890, only 21 years of age.

In 1891, her father Henry and mother Julia, were living at 26 Lunham Road and Henry’s occupation is a Homeopathic Chemist.

In 1891, their lodger John Brady (Boot and Shoe Maker) and his son John, are living at 49 Camden Hill Road.  Son John (aged 28) is labelled as an ‘Imbecile’.

In 1883, Julia Frances Turner, occupant at 42 Anerley Road, placed an advertisement in the Norwood News:

Norwood News – Saturday, 16 June 1883

TUITION in Music given (Classical or otherwise) no objections to lessons during vacations; would accept a Morning Engagement to young children

Apply by letter to Julia F Turner, 42 Anerley Road, Upper Norwood, S.E.

THANE’S CASH BAZAARS

One of the early occupants of 42 Anerley Road (1891 & 1901 Census), was John Walter Herbert Thane (Bn 7 June 1858 Pimlico D1928 Kingston Upon Thames) of’ ‘Thane’s Cash Bazaars’, which eventually occupied three shop premises (Nos 40, 42 & 44) until c1906.

John Walter Herbert married Fanny Ladd (Bn 1855 D12 January 1914 Kingston Upon Thames) in 1882 (Buckinghamshire).  In 1881 he was a Silk Warehouseman in London (aged 22).

1891 Census – 42 Anerley Road  Draper and Stationer, with his wife, Fanny, children Ralph (7) (Bn 1883) Rhoda (5) (Bn Norwood) Ellen (12) (Bn Norwood), Boarder William Ladd (Printer & Compositor) and General Servant, Jane Needham (23).

1901 Census – 42 Anerley Road Aged 40 ‘Fancy Stationers’ with his wife, Fanny, son Ralph (17) (Fancy Hosiery), Rhoda (15) (Bn Norwood) (Fancy Stationery), Nellie (12) (Bn Norwood), Sidney (9) (Bn Norwood), Boarder William Ladd (48) (Printer) and Annie (15) General Servant.

John Walter Herbert Thane’s signature

John Walter Herbert’s father was the Rev John Dancer Thane (Bn 1827 D1902) a Congregational Minister, who married Rhoda Anne (Bn 1832) in 1848 Marylebone.  (In 1861 she was a School Mistress aged 29, Walworth.  Her father was a Surgeon).  Rev John Dancer Thane’s father was William Thane, a Gentleman.

John Walter Herbert had a younger brother, Edward Ernest Thane (Bn 1 February 1873 Brill Bucks D1954 Battersea), who became an Actor and married the successful actress Louise Hampton (Bn 1879 D1954) in 1898 (whose father Henry Hampton was an Actor).

Edward Thane appeared in various theatre productions such as Oliver Twist at the London Lyceum (1913) and the 1938 comedy film with Tommy Trinder, ‘Almost a Honeymoon’.  Louise, too, appeared (as Louise Hampton) in many West End roles and a variety of film roles, including ‘Goodbye, Mr Chips’ (1939).  She also toured Britain and Australia.  They had three daughters (1911 Census) Doris (11), Clarice (8) and Phyllis (7).

Almost-a-honeymoon

In 1911, John Walter Herbert and Fanny were living at 11 Grove Lane, Kingston Upon Thames, his occupation was a Coal Traveller with their four children, Ralph (27) (Glove Warehouseman), Rhoda (25) Stationer’s Assistant, Ellen (22) Shorthand Typist, Sidney (19) Hosier Assistant.

John Walter Herbert and Fanny’s son Ralph John Thane (Bn 1883) married Ann Elizabeth Gardner (Bn 1879 D1944) in 1913.  He had been a Glove Warehouseman (1911 Census).

Ralph John Thane joined the East Surrey Regiment, 9th Battalion (Private 22237) and was Killed in Action in Flanders on 21 March 1918, aged 34 (see War Heroes).

 

1911 Census – 42 Anerley Road [Hill]

Opticians

Alfred Sutton, aged 50 (Bn 1860 Lambeth D1936) and his wife Florence Louise, aged 37 (Bn 1874 Newington) occupied No 42.  They had been married 11 years.  He was an Optician.  In 1901, they were living in Kennington, when Alfred was a 40 year old Optician.

 

1918 Street Directory

Owen M Chambers Antique Dealer

1920 Street Directory

Martell Chambers, Antique Dealer

1925 Street Directory – 42 Anerley Hill

Frederick W Payne Bootmaker

SUFFRAGETTE MOVEMENT AT 42 ANERLEY HILL

In 1910, the shop and premises above became the offices of Norwood & District Women’s Suffrage Society.  The premises above the shop remained their offices until before 1920, by which time they had moved to No 48 Anerley Hill (next to the Paxton Arms). The shop premises at No 42 became an Opticians by 1911 and later a Bootmakers (1925).

Common Cause – Thursday, 1 September 1910

NORWOOD DISTRICT

The Norwood and District Society has recently taken a large shop and offices, where it is hoped to hold numerous meetings and to get through a great deal of propaganda work.  The undertaking involves a great initial expense, and the need at present is to provide the rooms with the necessary furniture.  The Society is, therefore, collecting ‘Morning Leader’ coupons, hoping it may have the good fortune to gain one of the furniture prizes.  The Secretary, Miss Emily Green, will be very grateful to any friends who will assist by sending coupons, signed or unsigned, to her, and addressed to the offices, 42 Anerley Road, Upper Norwood, S.E.

Vote – Saturday, 8 October 1910

OTHER SUFFRAGE SOCIETIES

The Church League for Women’s Suffrage – President : The Bishop of Lincoln

The campaign at Cambridge has been very successful in every department, i.e., committee rooms, and open-air and evening meetings.  Miss Maude Royden was the principal speaker, and at Royston, Newmarket and Cambridge there were representative audiences, including clergy, jockeys, stablemen and navvies, with their wives.  The cost of such a campaign is, however, of necessity extremely heavy, and funds are urgently needed.  Mrs J W Nevison and the Rev C Hinscliff are speaking at Hove on October 11 and Miss Henderson has lent her drawing room at Eaton House, Dacre Park, Lee, for the inaugural meeting of the Greenwich and Lewisham Branch on October 15, at 5pm., chairman, Archdeacon Escreet.  A branch is being formed at Edinburgh, secretary Miss Alice Robertson, 28 Drummond Place, Edinburgh, and drawing room meetings are arranged for at Kenilworth November 17, and Leamington, November 18.  Tickets for the Anerley meeting, October 20 (price 1s and 6d) may be had at the Suffrage Offices, 42 Anerley Road, S.E., and for the ‘At Home’ at Steinway Hall at C.L.W.S. Offices, 11 St Mark’s Crescent, N.W.

Common Cause – Thursday, 27 October 1910

NORWOOD AND DISTRICT

We had a most enthusiastic meeting on Saturday, October 8, at the opening of our shop and offices at 42, Anerley Road, Upper Norwood.  Lady Onslow and Miss Abadam were the speakers, and the fact that we took a collection of over £7 from an audience of 100 people, who had already paid for tickets of admission, shows that they were more than satisfied.  Several new members were enrolled and many articles of furniture were presented.

Alice Abadam

Alice Abadam

Alice Abadam (a resident of 97 Central Hill and later 107 Central Hill – see Central Hill) was a member of several suffrage societies and was the driving force behind the Beckenham Branch of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS), known at the Suffragists and was involved in the branch at 42 Anerley Hill, where there was a Miss L G Archer, who lived at 3 Westbourne Road, Sydenham as secretary (by 1913).  In 1913 Alice Abadam was president of the Norwood and District Women’s Suffrage Society and travelled all over the British Isles gaining support for the cause.

Conservative and Unionist Women’s Franchise Review – Sunday, 1 January 1911

CRYSTAL PALACE – Our first Associates’ Evening took place on November 23 [1910], at the Suffrage Office, 42 Anerley Road by kind permission of the ‘Norwood and District Women’s Suffrage Society’.  The speaker was Miss Packer; the Hon. Secretary in the chair.  There was a good attendance.  Leaflets were distributed and the audience warmly expressed their interest in the subject.  Our thanks are due to Mrs Silverlock and Mrs Wilkinson for the excellent way the meeting was managed.  A paragraph, dealing with the contents of the November number of the REVIEW, was published in The Norwood Review and in two issues of Norwood News.  Miss Margaret Silverlock, a ‘district warden’, is kindly helping with the sale of the REVIEW and literature.  On November 28 a most successful meeting was held at the Sydenham Conservative and Unionist Working Men’s Club.  The speakers were Mrs Graham Nairne and Miss Marshall.  A large number of the men present signed the ‘census paper’ in favour of our cause.  Mr Arson, the Secretary of the club, heading the list.  A notice of a lecture by a representative of the C.U.W.F.A. has since appeared in a local paper as one of the ‘increased attractions’ provided by the Club Committee for the coming year. 

Letters were written to three Conservative Candidates in this district before the General Election.  Mr Frederick Hall, of Dulwich, replied that he would support the Conciliation Bill, and many of our local members did excellent work for him during the election.  The thanks of our Committee are due to Dr Robert Wilkinson for his splendid advocacy of our cause at a recent Conservative meeting.  A very successful Suffrage Tea party was given by Mrs Ainger on December 16 at Woodvale Lodge, South Norwood Hill.  The speakers were Mrs Graham Nairne and Miss Marshall.  Among the audience was a lady from Finland who had recorded her vote in that country.  New members joined, literature and badges were sold and the hostess very kindly gave us a donation towards our expenses.  Miss Balguy, Mrs Rice Byrne and Mrs Wilkinson have kindly promised us drawing-room meetings; Mrs Chapman is lending us her drawing room for our annual meeting in March, and Mrs Clarke has promised us a meeting in a hall in June.  – (MISS) M. J. MARSHALL, Hon. Sec., ‘Mohamrah’, Beulah Hill, S.E.

Conservative and Unionist Women’s Franchise Review – Saturday, 1 April 1911

THE CONSERVATIVE AND UNIONIST WOMEN’S FRANCHISE REVIEW

The speaker was Miss Ella Walrond.  Miss M. A. Snow read a paper for the Hon. Sec., about the work of the Association.  A general discussion followed.  On January 13, Miss Walrond gave a successful ‘At Home’ at St Aubyn’s Hall, Upper Norwood.  The speakers were Mr Cecil Chapman, Mrs H Percy Boulnois, and Miss Packer gave an account of the work of the branch.  The chair was taken by Mr S.F. Chambers, J.P., F.R.G.S., one of the branch Vice-Presidents.  The following resolution, proposed by Mrs Boulnois, was carried unanimously:- “That this meeting realises that it is imperative that women should be enfranchised in order that they may take their proper place as citizens in the economic world.”  The hearty thanks of the Committee are due to Miss Walrond for her generous help.  On January 25 an Associates’ Evening was held at 42 Anerley Road.  The chair was taken by Mrs Grey and Miss Packer gave an interesting address.  Several new associates joined. Mrs Wilkinson gave a successful Suffrage Tea on January 31, and was fortunate in obtaining Miss Abadam as speaker. 

After a most interesting address, a short paper was read by one of the guests from the Anti-Suffrage point of view, which was fully answered by Miss Abadam.  About fifty people were present and several new members joined.  In consequence of the death of Mrs Marshall, the Branch Vice Chairman, a special Committee Meeting was convened by the temporary Hon. Sec., on February 15, to discuss the future of the branch.  It was decided that, with the exception of the Associates’ Evenings, which Mrs Silverlock and other members of the Committee kindly offered to continue, all meetings should be postponed until Miss Marshall’s return.  A vote of sympathy in her great bereavement and appreciation of her work was unanimously carried, and many appreciative references were made to Mrs Marshall’s help and keen interest in our cause. – (MISS) M. J. MARSHALL, Hon. Sec., ‘Mohamrah’, Beulah Hill, S.E.

Vote – Saturday, 29 June 1912

LONDON AND SUBURBS – Anerley and Crystal Palace District – Hon Secretary: Miss J Fennings, 149 Croydon Road.

Our venture last Friday proved quite a success.  At 6.30pm, we drove in a carriage decorated with pennons, our local banner and posters of Mrs Despard, to South Norwood clock, where Miss Ethel Fennings made a short speech and appeal.  Contributions were made to the £1,000 fund and then we returned to our usual pitch at Penge.  Mrs Bigger and Miss Fennings addressed a large and interested crowd and we collected more money, besides selling THE VOTE. 

Mrs Legge will be the speaker at Penge next week at 7.30pm and Miss Ethel Fennings at South Norwood clock on Tuesday, July 2 at 6.30pm.  We hope to see all our friends at our stall (for which contributions of small articles will be gratefully received) at the Franchise Forwards Fair at the Suffrage Offices, 42 Anerley-roadon Friday and Saturday, June 28 and 29, afternoon and evening.  Admission free.  The hon. sec, has tickets on sale for Mrs Despard’s reception on Wednesday evening, July 3, and hopes members and friends will write for them.

Suffragette Miss Ethel Fennings

[1939 Register: Ethel Fennings (Bn 19 March 1876 D 23 March 1955, 145 Anerley Road) was a Voluntary Christian Worker, living at 145 Anerley Road].

Common Cause – Thursday, 10 October 1912

LONDON TEACHERS

May I call your attention to a mistake in the ‘Notes’ of your last issue.  The London Teachers’ Association has not declared against Women’s Suffrage; it has declared that the subject is not “one that should be included with the scope of the objects of the Association”.  It was to be expected that the Anti-Suffrage press would misrepresent the facts of the case; it is regrettable that the inaccuracy should be published by the organ of the N.U.W.S.S.

Your comments on the matter are also much to be deplored.  I am secretary of a Suffrage Society which includes amongst its members a large number of elementary teachers, many of whom are working hard in our movement, but the contemptuous tone of your paper towards elementary teachers as a class makes it impossible for them to use THE COMMON CAUSE for propaganda work among their colleagues.   EMILY GREEN, Hon. Sec. 42 Anerley Road, Upper Norwood

Norwood News – Saturday, 4 October 1913

Norwood & District Women’s Suffrage Society

(National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies)

(NON-PARTY)

President:  MISS ABADAM

———–

A BAZAAR WITH ATTRACTIVE ‘SIDE SHOWS’

Will take place at 42 ANERLEY ROAD on

Wednesday & Thursday, October 15 and 16

To be opened on the First Day by MISS LENA ASHWELL (A.F.L.)

And on the Second Day by THE HON. MRS HAVERFIELD

Admission each day

3 to 4:30pm      1/-

4.30 to 9.30pm     6d

Church League for Women’s Suffrage – Monday, 1 June 1914

NORWOOD

Members : Miss French, Miss G Gardiner, Miss M Green, Miss K Green, Mrs Hornung, Miss W Lodge, Miss Barlow-Massicks, Miss Russell, Miss M.A. Russell, Mrs Taylor.

This new Branch was formed on Saturday, May 2nd, and it was arranged that the first Public Meeting should be held at 42 Anerley Road, on May 28, through the kindness of Miss Abadam.

At No 48 Anerley Hill in 1920 Directory / 1925

There was a Crystal Palace branch of the Conservative and Unionist Women’s Franchise Association (1913), with Miss Barlow-Massicks (‘Annandale’, 82 Central Hill, adjacent to Roman Road) as secretary.  Also by 1913 there was a Dulwich branch of the New Constitutional Society for Women’s Suffrage, which drew its members from the surrounding area, its secretary was Mrs O’Mara (‘Dunlica’, College Road, Sydenham Hill).

Annandale’ 82 Central Hill, Upper Norwood

KEY DATES IN THE SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT

1832

The Great Reform Act excludes women from the electorate by defining voters as ‘male persons’.

1832

First petition on Women’s Suffrage presented to Parliament.

1867

First debate on Women’s Suffrage in Parliament.

1884

Women campaign to be included in the Third Reform Act, without success.

1889

The Women’s Franchise League is formed and aims to win the vote for married women as well as single and widowed women.

1897

Formation of the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS), led by Millicent Fawcett (1847-1929), drawing together peaceful campaign groups under one banner.

1903

The Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU) is founded in Manchester by Emmeline Pankhurst (1858-1928).

1905

Suffragette militancy begins.

1907

The Women’s Freedom League is formed after a break from the WSPU.

1908

Hunger striking by Marion Wallace-Dunlop (1864-1942) adopted as a WSPU strategy.  She was first arrested in 1908 for ‘obstruction’ at the House of Commons along with others like Ada Flatman (1876–1952) and again in 1908 for leading a group of women in a march.  She endured 91 hours of fasting before being released on 8 July 1909 on the grounds of ill health.  Hunger striking was her idea and it became official WSPU policy.  Along with other suffragettes who were imprisoned and went on hunger strikes, Wallace-Dunlop was given a Hunger Strike Medal by the WSPU.

1909

Forcible-feeding begins.  As a result of the hunger strikes, Herbert Asquith’s British Government introduced force feeding in prisons.  Asquith (Bn1852-D1928) opposed votes for women for most of his political career.

Force feeding

1910 – 1912

Parliament considers various ‘Conciliation Bills’ which would have given some women the vote, but none pass.

1911

The suffragette Emily Wilding Davison (1872-1913) hides in a cupboard in the House of Commons on census night (2 April).

1911

On 8 June 1911, Emmeline Pankhurst opened the WSPU Kiosk at the Festival of Empire, held at the Crystal Palace, at which leaflets regarding a forthcoming procession were given away, as well as selling WSPU merchandise.

1913

The Prisoners’ Temporary Discharge for Ill-Health Act’, also known as ‘The Cat and Mouse Act’, is introduced, targeting suffragettes on hunger-strike.

1913

Emily Wilding Davison (1872-4 June 1913) died after being hit by King George V’s horse ‘Anmer’ at the 1913 Epsom Derby, when she walked onto the track during the race.

1914

Britain declares war on Germany on 4 August.  During the war years, 1914-1918, an estimated 2 million women replace men in traditionally male jobs.

1916

A conference on electoral reform, chaired by the House of Commons Speaker, is set up and reports in 1917.  Limited Women’s Suffrage is recommended.

1918

The Representation of the People Act was passed on 6 February which allowed women over the age of 30 and either they, or their husband, meet a property qualification to vote.  Although 8.5 million women met this criteria, it was only about two-thirds of the total population of women in the UK.

The same Act abolished property and other restrictions for men, and extended the vote to virtually all men over the age of 21.  Additionally, men in the Armed Forces could vote from the age of 19.  The electorate increased from 8 to 21 million, but there was still huge inequality between women and men.

The Parliament (Qualification of Women) Act is passed on 21 November allowing women to stand for Parliament.

Women vote in a General Election for the first time on 14 December 1918 with 8.5 million women eligible.

1928

The Equal Franchise Act is passed giving women equal voting rights with men.  All women aged over 21 can now vote in elections.  Fifteen million women are eligible.

Equal Franchise Act 1928

It was not until the Equal Franchise Act of 1928, that women over 21 were able to vote and women finally achieved the same voting rights as men.  This Act increased the number of women eligible to vote to 15 million.

 

1929

On 30 May women aged between 21 and 29 vote for the first time.  This General Election is sometimes referred to as the Flapper Election.

SOCIAL HISTORY OF 42 ANERLEY HILL [ROAD]

London Evening Standard Thursday, 24 July 1884

CRYSTAL PALACE outside the Low Level Station, 42 Anerley-hill,

WINDSOR CASTLE EXHIBITION.  The Queen’s Private Apartments, showing grand Banquets, Weddings, Christenings and Private Grounds

Admission One Shilling.  Visitors by railway – Sixpence.

Norwood News Saturday 25 October 1884

A YOUNG Man, 17 years of age, wishes to get in an Auctioneer’s or Surveyor’s Office for Copying, &c.; willing to give his service for first six months – 42 Anerley Hill, Upper Norwood.

Norwood News Saturday 1 November 1884

CHEAP BOOKBINDING

MUSIC, whole bound, 1s.6d., in three days; School Books Repaired, 6d;

Picture Frames Re-guilded, Old Frames Re-lacquered, 1s.6d.; Gent’s Pocket Candle, 1s.

Windsor Exhibition of Oil Paintings on View

FREE during October.  Use of Catalogue, 1d.

TAYLOR (from Windsor), 42, Anerley Hill

Agent for DAINTREE & CO., the Largest Dyers in London

Thanet Advertiser Saturday, 19 May 1888

DOCTOR’S sister seeks re-engagement – Companion or Governess.  Excellent references,  Musical : well educated.  Lowest salary, £30 – Laundress.  “Alpha”, Thane’s Library, 42, Anerley Hill, S.E.

Croydon Advertiser and East Surrey Reporter Saturday, 14 January 1889

SENT FOR TRIAL – Robert Campbell, a young man with a seafaring appearance, was charged on remand with stealing a watch from the shop of John Walter Herbert Thane, fancy stationer, of 40/42 Anerley-road.  – Prisoner called at the shop and gave an order for dominoes and mechanical toys, which he stated were for a ship, and it is alleged that he took a watch from the counter.

A second charge was now heard against prisoner of stealing a silver plated match box, belonging to Frederick Cox, jeweller, 46 Anerley-road.  Prosecutor said prisoner came into his shop on December 30 and stated that he was a steward on board a ship.  He ordered three or four dozen gold pencil cases similar to a sample produced.  Witness turned his back to get something and prisoner must have then taken the match box from a tray.  PC Wheeler deposed to arresting prisoner on the other charge and finding the match box in his possession. – Warder Cook stated that he was at the Central Criminal Court on February 3 1886, when prisoner was sentenced to 18 months imprisonment for fraud and had only recently been discharged. – Prisoner was committed for trial.

Mr Thane called attention to the need of a policeman being placed on point duty at the top end of Anerley-road.  He blew his whistle for twenty minutes before a policeman came. – The Chairman said if Mr Thanewould put his complaint into writing, the Bench would assist him in every possible way.

Buckingham Advertiser and Free Press, Saturday 19 September 1891

BIRTHS

At 40 and 42 Anerley Hill, Upper Norwood, the wife of John W.H. Thane, of a son.

Norwood News Saturday 14 January 1899

THE UPPER NORWOOD CHASE -Robert Gann, alias Campbell, was brought up, on remand, charged with stealing a metal watch, value 5s 6d., the property of Mr Thane, Anerley-hill.  The evidence has been fully reported.  Prisoner gave a large order, representing that he was a ship’s steward and wanting the things to sell again on board.  He made two calls about paying, and eventually the watch was missed.  Mrs Thane followed the man and brought him back.  He was detained and twice bolted, once being caught by Mrs Eames and once by Mr John Norton.  Eventually he was handed over to the police. – Frederick Cook, a warder, said he knew the man well.  He was present when in 1896, prisoner was sentenced to 12 months’ hard labour for stealing a clock and for assault.  In May 1897, he had 18 months and had only just been discharged.  Prisoner pleaded not guilty and was committed for trial.

A further charge was proceeded with. – Mr Frederick Cox, jeweller, 46 Anerley-road, said he knew the prisoner.  He came into his shop on the 30th ult. at quarter to eight in the evening.  He wished to see some plated pencil cases and was shown some, but said they were no use.  He gave as his address 23, Westow-hill. Last Saturday, in Court, a silver match box was shown to him, which he identified as his property; it was not sold to anyone; its value was 5s 6d. – Prisoner said he purchased it from a girl outside Mr Cox’s before going into Mr Thane’s.  PC Wheeler deposed to finding certain articles on the prisoner when searching him.  Prisoner pleaded not guilty to this charge also.  -Committed for trial.

Mr Thane asked if a policeman could be placed on ‘point’ duty at the top of Anerley-hill. – Mr Judd said if Mr Thane would put a statement in writing, the Bench would see if they could help in any way.

At the Newington Sessions on Wednesday, prisoner was sentenced to three years’ penal servitude, he being charged on Mr Cox’s case.

Norwood News Saturday, 8 December 1906

BUSINESS ANNOUNCEMENTS

IMPORTANT BUSINESS CHANGE

THE ART NEEDLEWORK

FANCY GOODS DEPOT AND CIRCULATING LIBRARY

AT

42 ANERLEY HILL, CRYSTAL PALACE

(Near Low Level Station)

HAS BEEN PURCHASED BY MRS WHITE

Who begs to announce that the whole of the Stock will be sold off

at prices greatly reduced below cost to make room for ENTIRELY NEW STOCK

of Up-to-date Goods suitable for Christmas Presents.

THE CIRCULATING LIBRARY consists of a collection of over 1,000 volumes,

to which recent publications will be added.

TELEPHONE PUBLIC CALL OFFICE, No. 737 Sydenham

BUSINESS HOUSES, 9am to 9pm, Wednesdays, 9am to 2pm

Norwood News Saturday, 16 March 1907

PUBLIC TELEPHONE CALL OFFICE

42, ANERLEY HILL

UPPER NORWOOD, S.E.

Norwood News Tuesday, 12 February 1924

MRS WHITE’S

ART NEEDLEWORK DEPOT

FANCY GOODS

CIRCULATING LIBRARY

AGENT FOR

DUNDEE DYE WORKS

 

PUBLIC TELEPHONE CALL OFFICE

42 ANERLEY HILL, UPPER NORWOOD, S.E.

Norwood News Friday, 21 September 1923

ATTRACTIVE AND IMPROVING FREEHOLD INVESTMENTS

MR F.L. RICHARDSON, F.A.I.,

Will offer the following properties by Auction on Tuesday, 2 October next, at 2.30pm at the London Auction Mart, E.C.,–

Nos. 40, 42 & 44 ANERLEY HILL – Three valuable Freehold Shop Properties on main road and tram route.

VACANT POSSESSION of No. 44.  Nos 40 & 42 are let and produce £120 0s.4d per annum.  For sale in three lots.

Norwood News Tuesday, 12 February 1924

MATCHLESS Combination 1922 2 seated sidecar,

mileage under 3,000, hood, screen, speedometer, spare wheel, etc., bargain £85.,

42, Anerley Hill (side door), Upper Norwood

WAR HEROES

No known bomb damage to this parade of shops, although Palace Road, Palace Square, nearby premises on Anerley Road (Hanover Parade and Brunswick Parade), Anerley Vale and Crystal Palace Station Road, suffered severely during WW2, on 10 & 11 July 1944.

42 ANERLEY HILL

Thane’s Cash Bazaar, shopkeeper John Walter Herbert and Fanny’s son Ralph John Thane (Bn 1883) married Ann Elizabeth Gardner (Bn 1879 D1944) in 1913.  He had been a Glove Warehouseman (1911 Census).

He joined the East Surrey Regiment, 9th Battalion (Private 22237) and was Killed in Action in Flanders on 21 March 1918, aged 34.

He is buried at Bellicourt British Cemetery, Bellicourt, Departement de l’Aisne, Picardie, France.

The grave site of Ralph John Thane. Cemetery: Birth: Not Available Death: 21 Mar 1918 [Photo Credit: Billiongraves.com]

STREET DIRECTORIES

No 42 Anerley Hill in 1915 Directory

Women’s Suffrage relocated to No Anerley Hill 48 in 1920 Directory

42 Anerley Road [Hill] 1911

1918

1920

No 42 1925 Street Directory

Frederick W Payne Bootmaker

1901 Street Directory for Paxton Terrace Anerley Hill

1920

Page from Kelly’s Directory 1925

1925